Meal Charging Procedures

                                               FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT

                                                                 (Meal Charges)


Unless meals are provided at no charge, the district expects students and employees to pay for meals prior to or at the time of receipt.  The ability to charge meals is a privilege, not a right, and is subject to the limitations established in this procedure.




At the beginning of each school year, a copy of this procedure will be provided to every parent/guardian in the district as required by law.  In addition, a copy of this procedure, along with information about free and reduced-price school meals, will be provided to the parents/guardians of all students who enroll after the beginning of the school year.


A copy of this procedure will also be provided to all building administrators, staff responsible for collecting payment for meals at the point of service, staff involved with notifying parents/guardians about account balances, school social workers, nurses, counselors, the district liaison for homeless children and youths, and any other staff who regularly assist students in need.


A copy of this procedure will also be posted on the district's website, and information about charging meals will be included in the student handbook.




1.         A student may not accumulate more than ten unpaid meal charges.


2.         Students may not charge à la carte items.


3.         A student with money in hand will not be denied a meal even if the student has past due charges.


4.         Students will not be identified, singled out, shamed or punished by the district for the failure of their parents/guardians to pay for or provide meals, and the district will not withhold student records in violation of law.


Alternative Meals


If the district's meal service line is designed to collect payment prior to students receiving food, a student who has accumulated ten unpaid meal charges and is still unable to pay for meals may be provided an alternative meal.  Alternative meals will be on the regular serving line and will be available to all students as an alternative to the regular meal.  If a student has been provided a regular meal, that meal will not be taken away from the student even if the student should have been provided an alternative meal due to unpaid meal charges.




After a student accumulates five unpaid meal charges, the district will encourage the parents/guardians to submit an application for free and reduced-price meals if an application has not been recently submitted, and the student will be referred to a social worker/student services coordinator for intervention.  The social worker/student services coordinator will:


1.         Meet with the student to assess to the extent possible whether the student or the student's family is experiencing hardships, barriers or other circumstances with which the counselor could assist.


2.         Make repeated attempts to contact the parents/guardians to notify them of the lunch charges, discuss the situation and any other concerns the counselor may have after meeting with the student, and resolve the situation.


3.         Encourage the parents/guardians to submit the free and reduced-price meals application and inquire about any assistance that might be needed to complete the application.


4.         Provide other resources as applicable.


District employees are mandated by the state of Missouri to report any instances of suspected abuse or neglect to the Children's Division (CD) of the Department of Social Services.  District personnel will report to the CD any instance where a student's arrival at school with no provision for food leads to a reasonable cause to suspect neglect.


Working with Parents/Guardians


To ensure that parents/guardians have ample opportunity to resolve situations involving unpaid meal charges, the district will:


1.         Provide timely notification to parents/guardians when account balances run low (when applicable) and each time their student charges a meal.


2.         Invoice parents/guardians for unpaid meal charges during the district's monthly billing cycle, in addition to providing notification of outstanding balances by other means.


3.         Work with parents/guardians to create a payment plan that allows for the payment of accumulated balances over time.


Debt Collection


Delinquent Debt


Unpaid meal charges will be considered a delinquent debt 90 days after notice that charges are due when no payment or payment plan agreement has been made.  Unpaid charges will be considered delinquent as long as the district determines the debt is collectible and efforts to collect the debt are ongoing.  The district will make reasonable efforts to collect delinquent debt, including turning over unpaid meal charge balances to a collection agency when the superintendent or designee determines such action is in the best interest of the district.  The district's Nonprofit School Food Services Account (NSFSA) funds may be used to cover the costs of reasonable efforts to collect delinquent debt, including costs associated with using a collection agency.


Bad Debt


When the district determines that collection of delinquent debt is impossible or too costly, the debt will be reclassified as bad debt.  Bad debt is debt that will be written off as an operating cost.  These costs must be restored using nonfederal funds.  NSFSA resources may not be used to cover any costs related to bad debt.  Instead, local funds will be used to cover the costs.  Local funds include:


1.         State revenue matching funds in excess of state revenue matching-fund requirements.


2.         State and local funds provided to cover the cost of student meals.


3.         Local contributions from organizations or individuals.


4.         Revenue from adult meals prepared using resources outside the district's food service and not funded by the NSFSA.


5.         Revenue from the sale of à la carte items and profits from foods not purchased with NSFSA funds and funded by an account separate from the NSFSA.


6.         Revenues from catering or contracting services that operate from an account separate from the NSFSA.




The district will maintain detailed records pertaining to delinquent and bad debt, including:


1.         Evidence of efforts to collect unpaid meal charges.


2.         Evidence that collection efforts fell within the time frame and methods established by this procedure.


3.         Financial records showing when delinquent debt became bad debt.


4.         Evidence that funds written off as bad debt were restored to the NSFSA from nonfederal sources.


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Note:   The reader is encouraged to review policies and/or forms for related information in this administrative area.


Implemented:  July 18, 2017




Warrensburg R-VI School District, Warrensburg, Missouri